Perna, L.W. (2002, Jan/Feb). Precollege outreach programs: Characteristics of programs serving historically underrepresented groups of students. Journal of College Student Developement, 43(1), 64-84.
For four decades the federal government has sponsored policies and programs aimed at increasing college access for traditionally underrepresented groups of students (Perna, 2002).
Despite this financial support, college enrollment rates continue to be lower for lower-income students that for students from middle and upper income families, and lower for African Americans and Hispanics than for whites (Perna, 2002).