Kuh, G. D., Schuh, J. W., Whitt, E. J., & Associates. (2005). Student success in college: Creating conditions that matter. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
The demographics of students of higher education have changed along with the curriculum (Kuh, Schuh, Whitt, & Associates, 2005).
The curriculum students are requiring today is an application-based curriculum for a professional and job placement in place of the liberal arts education. However, the concept of vocational education did begin in the Middle Ages but is now coming into play more in America because the return on investment of education in American today (Kuh, Schuh, Whitt, & Associates, 2005).