Palmer, J. A. (Ed.). (2003). Fifty major thinkers on education: From Confucius to Dewey. New York, NY: Routledge.
Western cultures are missing something significant. The things we value highly are sometimes questionable. Individuals choose how they want to live their life; they prioritize and determine what is most important. Western indulgences in material things like IPads and oversized “single family” homes do little to cultivate happiness. These things instead detach people even further from family and friends.
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1899) was an opponent of the values of modern society and believed them to be responsible for the modern sense of disorder and seclusion. He felt that modern society was exceptionally unauthentic.
According to Palmer (2003), Nietzsche felt that the drive towards ever-greater material wealth and comfort creates a leveling effect, which in turn precipitates the stagnation of all culture, education included. His thoughts laid the groundwork for existentialism, and critical and literary theory.