The Belmont Report’s basic principles are respect for persons, beneficence, and justice.
Respect for Persons
Respect for persons holds two primary ethical beliefs. The first is that individuals should be treated as individuals and without label. The second is that persons with reduced abilities or those who have been labeled, receive proper care.
According to Marczyk, DeMatteo, and Festinger, D. (2005), the term “beneficence” is often understood to cover acts of kindness or charity that go beyond strict obligation. Two main ideas associated with beneficence when using human subjects are to maximize benefits while causing no or the least harm possible.
According to Marczyk et al. (2005), justice represents “fairness in distribution”, “getting what is deserved”, and recognizing that equals be treated equally. No subject should be forced to deal with any problem as a result of the research. No subject should be denied any benefits for which they are eligible.
Marczyk, G., DeMatteo, D., & Festinger, D. (2005). Essentials of research design and methodology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.