Marcum, J. W. (2008, May/June). The Social Studies. Washington, 99(3), 99.
Benjamin Franklin found happiness in reading and writing and radiated the qualities of an education enthusiast.
From an early age he borrowed books from his brother's print shop, and read them overnight. He used any available money he had to purchase books. Books were his "most consoling" possessions and "trustworthy friends for life" (Marcum, 2008). Franklin loved to read. Marcum (2008), writes, on one journey home from Europe in 1785 he returned with twenty-seven crates of books. For Franklin reading was a lifelong habit; when he died he owned 3,700 titles, quite a feat considering the relative scarcity and high cost of books in that day (Marcum, 2008).
According to Marcum (2008), his first significant publication came at age fourteen. It consisted of a series of letters written under the literary double Silence Dogood. In 1730 he purchased a colonial newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette. Three years later Franklin introduced Poor Richard's Almanac. Poor Richard's Almanac was written intended for tradesmen and farmers.
As a teenager Franklin had far-reaching thoughts. When he was a young man he moved from Boston to Philadelphia. According to Marcum (2008), Philadelphia was a frontier town, where fewer questions and more lax social standards allowed Franklin to father an illegitimate son and take a common-law wife without business or social consequence; one's work and contribution to the community were more important than propriety and otherworldliness. These types of behaviors would not have been legitimate in Boston. University of Phoenix and its cutting edge education serve as OUR frontier town. Franklin found Philadelphia to be more liberal and a place that allowed him to develop his interests more freely.
Rogers, G. L. (1986). Benjamin Franklin’s The Art of Virtue: His Formula for Successful Living. Eden Prairie, MN: Acorn Publishing.
Perhaps no other man of America’s founding period contributed as much to education as Benjamin Franklin (Rogers, 1986).
School Improvement Network. (2010). How to Best Influence Student Achievement. Retrieved from http://mv.treehousei.com/Public/Online.aspx?msgId=7b445b65-1b77-ed16-3b32-a25fe97c02a3
According to the School Improvement Network (2010), The National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) recently released a study, The Road Less Travelled, How Developmental Science Can Prepare Educator to Improve Student Achievement: Policy Recommendations.
Data shows that teacher performance is the single most important school influence in improving student outcomes.
The teachers who best influence student achievement:
1. Know their children as individuals, which may be even more important than knowing the content being taught, and makes students feel acknowledged and respected.
2. Provide an emotional foundation for learning for their students. As emotion affects cognition, students who feel safe and excited in the classroom are more motivated to learn.
3. Organize and manage their classrooms to be efficient learning environments. Students who are comfortable with classroom roles that are congruent with learning are better able to focus on the tasks of learning.
Murphy, M. M. (2006). The history and philosophy of education: Voices of educational pioneers. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
According to Murphy (2006), why the Roman Empire fell is a question which scholars still debate today. From the point of view of education, we can note several factors: the family structure was weakened, citizenship and patriotism were no longer taught, and virtue was not stressed or sought as a way of life. The schools were asked to fill in for what was lacking in the family and in society.
At least a few of characteristics mentioned, as causes for the fall of Rome, are alive in America today.
Graves, F. P. (2005). The history of education before the Middle Ages. New York: Cosimo Classics.
As early as Deuteronomy (600 B.C.) the command appears: “Though shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. And these words which I command thee this day shall be in thine heart, and thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children” (Graves, 2005).