Speculate « phd monkey

phd monkey An expedition through the forest of academia.


Excellence – Vincent Thomas “Vince” Lombardi

The quality of a person's life is in direct proportion to their commitment to excellence, regardless of their chosen field of endeavor (Lombardi, 1949).

Filed under: Speculate Comments Off

Seven Habits of Highly Effective People – (Covey, 1989)

The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, first published in 1989, is a self-help book written by Stephen R. Covey. It has sold over 15 million copies in 38 languages since first publication, which was marked by the release of a 15th anniversary edition in 2004. Covey presents an approach to being effective in attaining goals by aligning oneself to what he calls "true north" principles of a character ethic that he presents as universal and timeless.

The 7 Habits
Each of the chapters is dedicated to one of the habits, which are represented by the following imperatives:

The First Three Habits surround moving from dependence to independence (self mastery)
Habit 1: Be Proactive
Habit 2: Begin with the End in Mind
Habit 3: Put First Things First

The Next Three are to do with Interdependence
Habit 4: Think Win/Win
Habit 5: Seek First to Understand, then to be Understood
Habit 6: Synergize

The Last habit relates to self-rejuvenation;
Habit 7: Sharpening the Saw

Covey, S. R. (1989). The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People . 1989, NY: Free Press.

Filed under: Speculate Comments Off

Top 10 Reasons Dissertations Fail

Top 10 Reasons Dissertations Do Not Pass on Their First Review by the Dean

Lack of adherence to the guidelines for content development and presentation prescribed by the APA manual. These violations take many forms, including the following:

o Lack of appropriate structure
o Incorrect labeling of figure and table captions
o Incorrect spacing in content and in quotations
o Paragraph imbalance
o Inconsistent use of third-person point of view

Lack of scholarly writing in presenting the research for a reading audience of academics. Writing is not succinct, and poor word choices are inherent. Too much information not related to the overall purpose of the study is added.

Lack of alignment exists from the problem statement to purpose statement to research questions to hypotheses to data analysis to findings, recommendations, and conclusions. The entire dissertation is not aligned well from Chapter 1 through Chapter 5:

o Chapter 1 Introduction
o Chapter 2 Literature Review
o Chapter 3 Method
o Chapter 4 Results
o Chapter 5 Conclusion and Recommendations

Lack of development in Chapter 2 to fully reflect the breadth and depth of the study's purpose, including the variables, locations of study, and unit of analysis.

Lack of balance in Chapter 2 in that the dependent variable or one of the independent variables is elaborated on to a much greater extent than the others.

Lack of tie-in near the end of Chapter 2 regarding how all the variables, location of the study, and unit of analysis are interrelated, thus indicating the complete application of the material to the study.

Lack of consistent, complete presentation of data in Chapter 4. Presentation data does not follow a logical pattern and/or does not support the text.

Lack of a complete Chapter 5 in that it inadequately relates the study's findings to the required elements of the conclusion and recommendations.

Lack of adequate evidence regarding the significant and substantial aspects of the dissertation in both Chapter 1 and Chapter 5, which is a reflection of the doctoral candidate's lack of passion for the study.

Lack of consistency in the type and amount of work that committee members contributed to the process as evidenced by the state of the dissertation.


Filed under: Speculate Comments Off

10 Rules for Writing Numbers and Numerals

1. Number versus numeral. First things first, what is the difference between a number and a numeral? A number is an abstract concept while a numeral is a symbol used to express that number. “Three,” “3″ and “III” are all symbols used to express the same number (or the concept of “threeness”). One could say that the difference between a number and its numerals is like the difference between a person and her name.

2. Spell small numbers out. The small numbers, such as whole numbers smaller than ten, should be spelled out. That’s one rule you can count on. If you don’t spell numbers out it will look like you’re sending an instant message, and you want to be more formal than that in your writing.

3. No other standard rule: Experts don’t always agree on other rules. Some experts say that any one-word number should be written out. Two-word numbers should be expressed in figures. That is, they say you should write out twelve or twenty. But not 24.

4. Using the comma. In English, the comma is used as a thousands separator (and the period as a decimal separator), to make large numbers easier to read. So write the size of Alaska as 571,951 square miles instead of 571951 square miles. In Continental Europe the opposite is true, periods are used to separate large numbers and the comma is used for decimals. Finally, the International Systems of Units (SI) recommends that a space should be used to separate groups of three digits, and both the comma and the period should be used only to denote decimals, like $13 200,50 (the comma part is a mess… I know).

5. Don’t start a sentence with a numeral. Make it “Fourscore and seven years ago,” not “4 score and 7 years ago.” That means you might have to rewrite some sentences: “Fans bought 400,000 copies the first day” instead of “400,000 copies were sold the first day.”

6. Centuries and decades should be spelled out. Use the Eighties or nineteenth century.

7. Percentages and recipes. With everyday writing and recipes you can use digits, like “4% of the children” or “Add 2 cups of brown rice.” In formal writing, however, you should spell the percentage out like “12 percent of the players” (or “twelve percent of the players,” depending on your preference as explained in point three).

8. If the number is rounded or estimated, spell it out. Rounded numbers over a million are written as a numeral plus a word. Use “About 400 million people speak Spanish natively,” instead of “About 400,000,000 people speak Spanish natively.” If you’re using the exact number, you’d write it out, of course.

9. Two numbers next to each other. It can be confusing if you write “7 13-year-olds”, so write one of them as a numeral, like “seven 13-year-olds”. Pick the number that has the fewest letters.

10. Ordinal numbers and consistency. Don’t say “He was my 1st true love,” but rather “He was my first true love.” Be consistent within the same sentence. If my teacher has 23 beginning students, she also has 18 advanced students, not eighteen advanced students.


Filed under: Speculate Comments Off

Ed.D or Ph.D

In most academic disciplines, the doctor of philosophy, or Ph.D., is the highest degree a student can obtain. The field of education, however, offers two terminal degrees: the Ph.D. and the doctorate of education, or Ed.D.

Harvard University granted the first Ed.D. in 1920 after recognizing a need for more educators to have doctorates. The Ph.D. is based on the German practice of awarding a doctoral degree to students who complete a course of graduate study, culminating in a dissertation of original research.

In theory, the Ph.D. in education focuses more on research, while the Ed.D. emphasizes educational practice.

Universities award Ph.D.s in many academic fields, including education, while the Ed.D. is limited to the discipline of education.

Within the field of education, the Ph.D. emphasizes greater breadth and depth in theory and research methodology. The Ed.D. focuses on educational leadership and the application of research.

Research on Ph.D. and Ed.D. dissertations in education found that the former emphasized experimental and quasi-experimental research designs, using statistical methods. Ed.D. dissertations were more descriptive, using surveys and related methods.

In most academic disciplines, the doctor of philosophy, or Ph.D., is the highest degree a student can obtain. The field of education, however, offers two terminal degrees: the Ph.D. and the doctorate of education, or Ed.D.

-T.J. Klein MAED

-eHow Contributing Editor. (2010). Ed.D. v Ph.D. Programs. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/facts_6176109_ed_d-vs_-phd-programs.html

Filed under: Speculate Comments Off